Currently there is a vote to close the question Mathematics of War. Personally I believe with an appropriate edit the question is salvageable and of much interest. I'm interested in knowing what is the community input in this.
I agree with Chris Cunningham's comment. I believe the question is interesting and could spark good responses, but I disagree that it will in the current shape. Chris's suggestion is that the real question is
"Did militaristic countries take any special actions to format their math education programs in light of their warlike or expansionist nature?"
Much mathematics has been spawned by military applications and perhaps the question could be adapted to this:
Mathematics has many applications in industry. Here I would like to focus on a special part of these industries and the role of mathematics in its development.
Question: Consider the countries which invested heavily in mathematics for military purposes. How did they format their math education programs in light of their warlike or expansionist nature? Is there information on particular methods or books they have used to effectively increase the country's mathematics education and knowledge? Was their focus exclusively on applied mathematics or was pure mathematics as important, possibly having a higher place?